60 historical monuments of Hamedan restored during the year
Tehran – More than 60 historic buildings in west-central Hamedan province were restored in the last Iranian calendar year 1399 (March 20, 2020 – March 21, 2021), the province’s tourism chief said.
A budget of 292 billion rials ($ 6.9 million at the official exchange rate of 42,000 rials per dollar) has been allocated for restoration projects, Ali Malmir announced on Sunday.
Mir Fatah Yakhchal (traditional ice storage), the Taj Abad caravanserai, the Kababian public baths, the Eqtedari mansion and the Marianj bridge were among the monuments, the official said.
In addition, with a budget of 400 million rials ($ 9,500), some 3,300 historical objects including 600 coins from the Safavid era (1501–1736) and 1,800 copper coins as well as 500 semi-precious stones and 50 Metal objects were also documented and organized during the mentioned hour, the official added.
Known in classical times as Ecbatana, Hamedan was one of the largest cities in the ancient world. Unfortunately, there are few vestiges of Antiquity left, but significant parts of the city center are devoted to excavations. Ecbatana was the media capital and subsequently a summer residence for the Achaemenian kings who ruled Persia from 553 to 330 BC.
Hamadan has had several names: it was perhaps the Bit Daiukki of the Assyrians, Hangmatana or Agbatana, in the Medes, and Ecbatana in the Greeks. One of the middle capitals, under Cyrus II (the Great; died 529 BC) and later under Achaemenian rulers, was the site of a royal summer palace.
Around 1220, Hamedan was captured by the large-scale army of Mongol invaders. In 1386, it was sacked by Timur (Tamerlan), a Turkish conqueror, and the inhabitants massacred. It was partly restored in the 17th century and subsequently changed hands often between Iranian ruling houses and the Ottomans.
Sitting on a high plain, Hamedan is gracefully cool in August but prone to snow and frost from December to March. In summer, the air is often foggy. Ali Sadr Cave, Ganjnameh Inscriptions, Avicenna Mausoleum, Hegmataneh Hill, Alaviyan Dome, Jameh Mosque, and St. Stephanos Gregorian Church are among Hamedan’s attractions to name a few. .
ABU / AFM