Archaeological museum under construction in the UNESCO-listed citadel
TEHRAN – An archaeological museum is currently under construction in Arg-e Bam, a UNESCO-listed citadel hit by the earthquake, in Kerman province in southeast Iran.
Covering an area of 1,200 square meters, the museum is expected to open within the next six months, the provincial tourism chief said.
In addition, some restoration projects are underway on the citadel and its surroundings, announced Thursday Fereydun Faali.
The origins of the citadel of Bam (“Arg-e Bam”) date back to the Achaemenid period (6th-4th centuries BC) and even beyond. The heyday of the citadel was from the 7th to the 11th century, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton clothing.
The citadel, which contains the governor’s quarters and the fortified residential area, forms the central focus of a vast cultural landscape, which is marked by a series of forts and citadels, now in ruins. The existence of life in the oasis was based on the underground irrigation canals, the qanats, of which Bam has preserved some of the earliest evidence in Iran and which continue to function to this day.
According to UNESCO, Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a medieval walled town built using a vernacular technique using layers of mud (Chineh), sun-dried mud bricks (khesht) and vaulted structures. and dome.
Bam and its cultural landscape represent an exceptional example of an ancient fortified settlement that developed around the central Iranian plateau and is an exceptional testimony to the development of a commercial colony in the desert environment of the Central Asian region. This impressive construction undoubtedly represents the highlight and is the most significant achievement of its type not only in the Bam region but also in a much larger cultural region of West Asia.
The Bam Cultural Landscape is an important representation of the interaction between man and nature and conserves a rich resource of ancient pipes, settlements and forts as landmarks and as tangible evidence of the evolution of the region. .
The large and sprawling province of Kerman has been a cultural melting pot since ancient times, mixing the Persians with the inhabitants of the tribes of the subcontinent. It is home to a myriad of historic sites and scenic landscapes such as the Bazaar-e Sartasari, Jabalieh Dome, Ganjali Khan Public Baths, Malek Jameh Mosque and Shahdad Desert to name a few.
ABU / AFM