CPEC projects: government decides to import additional electricity from Iran
ISLAMABAD: The government has decided to import 70 MW of additional electricity from Iran to meet the immediate needs of Makran / Gwadar, as the provision of public services is a prerequisite for CPEC projects, official sources told Business Recorder.
The issue of Makran / Gwadar electricity supply was discussed at a recent meeting of the Cabinet Committee on CPEC (CCoCPEC). The committee discussed different power supply options to meet the future demand for additional grid load in the Gwadar / Makran region submitted to the CCoCPEC. A provisional supply agreement prior to the induction of the 300 MW Gwadar Carbonless Power Project (CFPP) was discussed. Before the induction of the 300 MW coal-fired power generation project and after the 132 kV interconnection of the Makran / Gwadar regional grid with the national grid, the demand for additional load from the Makran / Gwadar grid of the order of 105 MW to 120 MW, in addition to the existing 100 MW, can be met via the following interim arrangements: (i) increase in the import of electricity from 100 MW to 125 MW (increase by 25 MW) from ‘Iran via the existing 132 KV link. This requires negotiations with Iranian counterparts. However, this was not recommended by Power Division.
Part of this proposal is a 25 MW increase with the installation of 150 / -50 MVAR SVC at the old Gwadar substation. In the event of a delay in the commissioning of said capacitor SVC 48 MVAR are required at the old Gwadar substation.
It was also discussed to isolate part of the Makran grid – feeding the 132 kV grid stations of Panjgoor, Hoshah and Turbat via the national grid. This arrangement would result in the shift of the next load demand from the Makran grid to the national grid. Power Division supported this proposal. The 95 MW increase will be achieved with the installation of 150 / -50 MVAR SVC at Punjgoor. Power Division recommended other preconditions for an interim arrangement.
Addition of a 3rd 220/132 kV autotransformer at the 220 kV grid station in Khuzdar before March 2023: MVAR, 132 kV capacitor at Turbat before March 2023. With the above provisions, the total load demand in the range from 205 MW to 220 MW from the Makran / Gwadar network can be met.
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Power Division also proposed an additional 220 KV transmission line power supply subject to a feasibility study. The power supply option offered to meet regional grid load demand via the 220 KV Dadu-Makran / Gwadar transmission line as follows: (i) addition of 1×450 MVA, 500 / 220KV T / F to Dadu 500 KV; (ii) Dadu – Khuzdar 220 KV D / C 1 / Line (around 300 ICM); (iii) Khuzdar – Panjgur 220 KV D / C 1 / Line (approximately 320 KM of twin rail conductors); (iv) Panjgur – Gwadar 220 KV D / C 1 / Line (approximately 350 KM of twin greeley conductors); (v) 220 / 132KV T / F at Khuzdar (either addition of 160 MVA T / F or increase of 3x160MVA T / F with 3×250 MVA T / F); (vi) the necessary extension works for the existing Dadu 500 KV G / S and Khuzdar 220 KV G / S installations corresponding to the above perimeter; (vii) Two N ° 220/132 KV G / S with 2×250 MVA, 220 / 132KV T / F (Panjgur & Gwadar) with 132 KV 1 / Allied lines. The land of Gwadar 220 KV G / S has already been acquired by NTDC. The estimated cost of the proposed option is $ 475 million (approximately).
However, Power Division did not support the additional import of 100 MW from Iran via Polan-Gwadar 220 kV 1 / line.
Power Division has offered the following options to meet the future demand for additional load from the Gwadar / Makran regional grid if the commissioning of the Gwadar coal-fired power plant is delayed: (i) PC-I for the import of 100 MW to Gwadar (Pakistan) via a 220 kV (D / C) T / Line dual circuit from Polan (Iran) was approved on September 19, 2007 by ECNEC; (ii) a contract agreement was signed between NTDC and Sunir on February 4, 2009 for the import of 100 MW through 220 kV D / CT / Line from Polan and Gwadar. He could not go any further because of the international sanctions against Iran and the current policy; (iii) The scope of the project works at the Pakistani end includes Gwadar 220kV G / Station with 2×160 MVA, 220/132 kV T / F and 220 kV dual circuit T / Line (approximately 74 km) from the Pak-Iran border in Gwadar.
The two Iranian companies – M / s TAVANIR and SUNIR – with which NTDC has signed an electricity supply contract, have offered to finance the construction of the line against the debts of TAVANIR by the CPPA-G.
The Cabinet Committee on CPEC considered all options and held a tightrope discussion on the issue of electricity supply in Makran and Gwadar.
During a discussion, Minister of Finance and Revenue Shaukat Tarin observed that the provision of public services was a prerequisite for the establishment of CPEC projects in Gwadar. This issue must be addressed as a priority to ensure investment in the region. It was discussed the need for an interim and permanent solution for Gwadar’s power supply, which is a prerequisite for its growth. It was further stated that QESCO is negotiating with FWO to hire its services under a direct contract for the laying of the transmission line. The project will be completed by March 2023. It will solve the problem in the longer term. In the meantime, the best alternative is to import electricity from Iran to meet urgent needs.
After extensive discussion, the Committee decided to import an additional 70 MW of power from Iran to meet Gwadar’s immediate needs. It was also decided that QESCO should finalize its purchases for the laying of an electricity transmission line to supply electricity to Gwadar and complete the project by March 2023. The executing agency may consider the possibility of engaging FWO or any other entity for the rapid implementation of the project.
The energy division has ordered to make arrangements for a dedicated power supply to the Gwadar industrial zone.
Copyright Business Recorder, 2021