Discover dazzling legends etched in rock at the Tehran Museum
TEHRAN — Tehran Inscriptions Museum Garden offers visitors the chance to see replicas of brilliant engravings selected from across Iran.
Located in the cultural and historical complex of Nivaran, the museum exhibits 43 models of inscriptions from the historical periods of the Medes in Urartian, Assyrian and Aramaic languages belonging to the regions of Ahar and Sarab as well as from the Parthian and Sasanian periods in Old Persian, Akkadian, Elamite. , and the Aramaic and Pahlavi languages.
The highlights of the museum are the inscriptions of Shapur and Ardeshir in the Naqsh-e Rostam and the bas-relief of Shapur I in the Naqsh-e Rajab.
Among the bas-reliefs and inscriptions in the museum, one can see rocks with different designs, motifs of humans hunting with ropes, humans dancing and inscriptions with beautiful and unique linear and superficial signs.
The main motive for designing such a museum was to increase its usefulness for students and scholars who could gain a better understanding of historical lines and different issues.
The cultural and historical complex of Niavaran, covering an area of approximately eleven hectares, is made up of several historical buildings, museums and monuments constructed in the 19th and 20th centuries during the Pahlavi and late Qajar eras.
The history of the palace complex dates back around 280 years when Fath-Ali Shah of the Qajar dynasty ordered the construction of a summer residence in the countryside of the capital. The two-story Ahmad Shahi Pavilion is one of the highlights of the complex.
The main palace of the complex was originally erected for royal ceremonies and gatherings. However, it later became the residence of King Pahlavi’s second king, Mohammad Reza Shah and his family.
Covering an area of 9,000 square meters, the palace is entirely adorned with magnificent plasterwork, mirrors and tiles. Its architecture presents a mixture of pre and post-Islamic art.
Its beautifully decorated and fully furnished interior features many works of art such as valuable paintings and sculptures by Iranian and foreign artists.