Interior Minister: Iran will hold presidential election in complete safety
TEHRAN (FNA) – Iranian Interior Minister Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli stressed that the next presidential election in the country will take place in a healthy and secure atmosphere.
“Iran will not face any security problem at the time of the elections. We are ready for prevention in possible cases,” Iranian interior minister said.
Rahmani Fazli predicted a high turnout in the June 18 elections.
In relevant remarks earlier this week, Rahmani Fazli said the number of polling stations and voting hours will increase for people to participate in the June 18 presidential elections to adhere to health protocols and distancing rules. social.
Today, a joint meeting was held between the Iranian electoral office and the central executive apparatus to review reports and comments on Iran’s 2021 presidential election, Rahmani Fazli told reporters.
Regarding the security issues of the electoral process and its necessary measures, a full report was submitted at this meeting, he said, adding: “On the basis of continuous observation, we will not face any problems. special security during the elections in the current situation. “
Rahmani Fazli also referred to measures related to compliance with health protocols, adding that in order to comply with health protocols and social distancing measures, it was decided to increase the number of polling stations and voting hours.
All officers at polling stations must have a negative test certificate so as not to spread the virus, the official added.
On May 25, Iran’s Interior Ministry declared the names of 7 candidates qualified by Iran’s oversight body, the Council of Guardians, to run for president.
The 7 approved candidates include the head of the Iranian judiciary Seyed Ebrahim Raeisi, the secretary of the Iranian Council of Convenience and former IRGC commander Mohsen Rezaei, the reformist Iranian politician and former governor of Isfahan province Mohsen Mehr Alizadeh , former Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Iran Saeed Jalili, Iranian Deputy Alireza Zakani, Governor of the Central Bank of Iran (CBI) Abdolnasser Hemmati and Deputy Speaker of Parliament Seyed Amir Hossein Qazizadeh Hashemi.
Disapproved candidates were given the opportunity to protest their disqualification vote and qualified candidates can start their campaign from May 25 up to 24 hours before the election.
Several candidates, including former defense minister Hossein Dehqan and former oil minister Rostam Qassemi, withdrew from the race in favor of Raeisi before the Guardian Council ruled on their qualification.
Raeisi is known to be the frontrunner in this election after making a name for himself in systematically helping the poor when he led the 8th Imam of Shia Islam, the endowment institution of Hazrat Ali Ibn-e Moussa, then in the fight against corruption during his current career as Head of the Judiciary. He faced growing calls from his supporters and associated politicians to join the 2021 presidential race, with a senior body of Principlists now backing him as their first choice, but he declared himself an independent candidate.
He was Prosecutor General from 2014 to 2016 and Deputy Chief Justice from 2004 to 2014. He was also Prosecutor and Deputy Prosecutor of Tehran in the 1980s and 1990s.
Raeisi became a household name in Iran in 2017 when he ran as the Principlist candidate in the presidential election. He lost the vote in Rouhani.
As head of the judiciary, Raeisi launched a massive anti-corruption campaign. He drew up laws to protect women from domestic violence.
The Constitutional Council – also known as the Council of Guardians – is a body of Islamic and legal jurists that in many ways acts as the Supreme Court.
Half of the 12 members of the body are lawyers. They are appointed by the head of the Iranian Parliament and voted on by Parliament, while the rest are specialists in Islamic law and are appointed by the country’s highest authority, the leader of the Islamic revolution.
Membership in the Council is for staggered terms of six years, which means that half of the members change every three years at random.
The Council confirms or rejects any interpretation of the law made in the bills adopted by the parliament. The members sitting on the Council check the compatibility of the legislation with the Constitution and its Islamic basis.
Any legislation rejected by the Council will be sent back to Parliament, which will have to rewrite the bill if it wishes to do so. Disagreements between the two bodies are referred to the Council of expediency for a final decision.
Another of the Council’s tasks is to supervise the elections. All candidates for election and those for the Assembly of Experts – another supreme body – must obtain the approval of the Constitutional Council before they can participate in the race.
Iran will simultaneously hold the 13th presidential election and the 6th municipal and village council elections on June 18.
The election in which voters will choose a president for a four-year term will take place as the country continues to grapple with the COVID-19 outbreak.
As stipulated in the Constitution, the President is elected for a four-year term by direct suffrage and is only entitled to two successive terms, although he may seek a third non-consecutive term.
To run for president, a candidate must meet six key qualifications set out in the Constitution, namely to be an Iranian national of Iranian descent, to have “administrative capacity and resourcefulness” in addition to a good background and skills. qualities of reliability and piety. The President must also have a firm belief in the basic tenets of the Islamic Republic of Iran and of Islam, the official religion of the country.
Hopes need the approval of the Constitutional Council – a panel of six theologians and six jurists – to run for president.
Presidents are elected by majority vote. If no candidate manages to cross the threshold in the first round, a second round is organized between the two candidates who obtained the most votes in the first round.
Under Article 113 of the Iranian Constitution, the President acts as the head of the country’s executive and is responsible for the implementation of the country’s law “except in matters directly related to the leadership function. “.
Within the limits of his powers and duties, the President is accountable to “the people, the leader and the Islamic Consultative Assembly”, as the Iranian Parliament (Majlis) is formally called.
The President appoints ministers, subject to parliamentary approval.
The chief executive has the power to sign agreements with other governments as well as those relating to international organizations, after obtaining the approval of Parliament.
Ambassadors to other countries are also appointed on the recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and with the approval of the President, who also receives the credentials presented by the ambassadors of foreign countries.
The president is responsible for administering national planning, budget and state employment affairs.
In addition, he heads the Supreme National Security Council, which protects and supports national interests, the Islamic revolution, as well as the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country.
Meanwhile, the president is the chairman of Iran’s Supreme Cultural Revolution Council, a body established after the 1979 revolution to ensure that the country’s education and culture remains Islamic and will not be influenced by other cultures and ideologies.
SA / AP