Iranian diplomat: historic polluters are responsible for financing losses
TEHRAN – An Iranian diplomat said on Friday that countries which have contributed to the concentration of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere have the “historic responsibility” to compensate the related damages.
Zahra Ershadi, deputy permanent representative of Iran to the UN, made the remarks in a statement to the plenary of the United Nations General Assembly.
Ershadi also denounced as “inhuman and illegal” what has been called unilateral coercive measures (UCM) by the United States against the Iranian people.
Here is the text of Ershadi’s statement:
The nature and extent of humanitarian situations has changed dramatically, as new dimensions have emerged over the decades. As a result, the international community faces ever-changing challenges as it strives to address these emergencies in a comprehensive and coordinated manner. With an increasing number of people suffering from the effects of natural disasters, the extent and frequency of these events have – in addition to hampering the development of disaster-affected countries – eroded the ability to cope with events of this nature. . Humanitarian emergencies also arise as a result of growing armed conflicts and the targeting of innocent civilians. Therefore, we agree with the Secretary-General that “humanitarian needs have skyrocketed in 2020, propelled by conflict, climate change and the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.
My delegation recognizes the leadership role of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. We believe that the sustainable management of humanitarian situations requires the mobilization of resources by adopting advance funding approaches in the United Nations budget system. In this regard, those who are the main contributors to wars and protracted occupations through their involvement or through the supply of sophisticated weapons should shoulder a greater burden in funding United Nations humanitarian responses. This also includes those who have historical responsibility for the GHG emissions that cause rapid climate change resulting in natural disasters.
This year, we commemorate the thirtieth anniversary of the adoption of landmark resolution 46/182 as a solid basis for humanitarian activities and responses. Based on this resolution, we believe that all the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations, including respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of States, should be strictly observed by all when providing a humanitarian aid. While emphasizing the primary role and responsibility of States in the management of humanitarian emergencies in their territory, there is a need to recognize national ownership and leadership in the coordination of humanitarian assistance to ensure its effective delivery. Likewise, no humanitarian crisis or emergency, especially those that have been inadvertently created as part of a specific and hidden political agenda, should not lead to any foreign intervention under the pretext of the responsibility to protect.
Taking note of the Secretary-General’s calls for a global ceasefire and a humanitarian pause as a temporary solution to deliver humanitarian assistance to those most in need, the Islamic Republic of Iran is firmly convinced that tackling the root causes of humanitarian crises and emergencies, as well as greater investment in their prevention, are the main durable and lasting solutions to this global phenomenon. This includes both natural disasters and man-made crises, including, but not limited to, occupation, foreign military interventions and the imposition of illegal and inhumane unilateral coercive measures. In this regard, we stress the importance of responsibility and accountability. Therefore, we express our disappointment at the failure of the Human Rights Council to renew the mandate of the Panel of Eminent Experts on Yemen on October 7, 2021.
“We strongly reject the imposition of UCMs by a number of certain states as political leverage, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic.”While committed to the protection of United Nations and humanitarian personnel on mission, the Islamic Republic of Iran stresses that the sanctity of humanitarian assistance activities, including the credibility of the United Nations humanitarian response system , must be preserved while preserving its purely humanitarian nature while respecting humanitarian principles. Legitimate concerns regarding the diversion of humanitarian aid as well as non-humanitarian activities under the guise of providing humanitarian assistance must be immediately addressed with a full and independent investigation.
We strongly condemn situations in which the humanitarian needs of the poorest populations are taken hostage as a political means or military tool, including by imposing blockades to starve civilians. In addition, the United Nations must ensure that all humanitarian aid is distributed to all populations in need without discrimination and without any interference from donors.
There are many humanitarian crises around the world that require our prompt attention. On the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan, as winter approaches and the situation of the Afghan people continues to deteriorate, the timely delivery of humanitarian assistance and the release of frozen assets from Afghanistan, which are essential for revive its economy and save lives should in no way be politicized or conditional. Therefore, everything must be done to ensure that countries hosting Afghan refugees, in particular its neighbors, have unhindered access to humanitarian goods as well as vaccines.
With regard to Palestine, in particular the besieged Gaza Strip, we note with great concern the obstacles and impediments created by the occupation regime in the Palestinian territories to displacement, humanitarian access and space. operational as they appear in Secretary-General’s report A / 76 / 78. Since 2000, nearly 22 hundred Palestinian children have been killed. During the same period, 18,500 Palestinian children were also arrested.
The Islamic Republic of Iran considers inhuman and illegal CMUs not only as one of the main obstacles hampering international efforts to provide humanitarian assistance, but also as one of the main sources of humanitarian crises and devastating humanitarian principles. in the world. UCMs also undermine the capacities of target countries, including my own, to meet their commitments under relevant treaties and conventions, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. We strongly reject the imposition of UCMs by a number of certain states as political leverage, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Even in the days of the deadly coronavirus, the United States’ illegal and inhumane unilateral coercive measures targeted innocent Iranian citizens by freezing our holdings in foreign banks – holdings we desperately wanted to use for the provision of vaccines and medicine. other humanitarian needs.