Iranian envoy blames military intervention for situation in Afghanistan
TEHRAN – Iran’s Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations stressed that the status quo in Afghanistan is the result of foreign military intervention in the country with the ostensible goals of fighting terrorism and establishing peace. democracy in the war-torn nation.
The statement was made by Amir Saeed Iravani during a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on Thursday on violence and violation of human rights in Afghanistan.
The text of the Ambassador’s speech is as follows:
Over the past four decades, the General Assembly has addressed the situation in Afghanistan, emphasizing peace, stability, good governance, human rights and development.
This year, the General Assembly will consider the draft resolution on the situation in Afghanistan for the first time since the irresponsible withdrawal of foreign forces and the seizure of power by the Taliban, and the debate comes at a critical moment in the current situation. in Afghanistan, which now faces a number of interconnected and overlapping crises.
The humanitarian situation is particularly dire. Millions of people today live in poverty. Food insecurity is worsening and human rights continue to be violated, especially against women and girls, who are still denied access to education. In the meantime, the de facto authorities have yet to fulfill their international obligations.
The current situation in Afghanistan reminds us that military intervention in other countries under the pretext of fighting terrorism while claiming to bring democracy, peace and prosperity not only degrades these common values, but also harms these States and to their peoples. This catastrophic situation entails responsibilities and obligations for the foreign forces that illegally invaded and occupied Afghanistan under the guise of fighting terrorism and left nothing but havoc in their wake.
Today, my delegation will vote for draft resolution L.11 to send a strong message that all members will remain firmly united with the people of Afghanistan in our efforts to build a peaceful, prosperous and self-resilient country. This was the fundamental principle guiding our approach to the negotiations.
“Food insecurity is worsening and human rights continue to be violated, especially against women, who are still denied access to education.”
The future of Afghanistan depends primarily on the restoration of the country’s Constitution and a strong commitment to it. An inclusive government based on an established constitution is the only way to guarantee and protect the rights of all Afghans, including women and girls, as well as linguistic, racial and religious minorities. In a multi-ethnic and diverse society like that of Afghanistan, no single group, party or faction can claim power alone. The Taliban must be aware of the repeated calls by the international community for the formation of such a government that faithfully reflects the multi-ethnic society of Afghanistan. The formation of an inclusive government based on an established constitution is a prerequisite and an essential element of international recognition.
The international community must maintain its support for Afghanistan, particularly in terms of the provision of humanitarian and development assistance which has been essential to meet the immediate needs of the Afghan people, maintain basic services and revive the economy. .
In this regard, the restoration of banking and financial systems as well as access to frozen assets belonging to the Central Bank of Afghanistan and Afghanistan for the benefit of the Afghan people are essential and constitute a sustainable and long-term solution to address the humanitarian situation. in Afghanistan. . We underline that such assets must enjoy immunity and be protected from national legal proceedings and the exercise of extraterritorial jurisdictions.
It is also regrettable that, again due to the objection of some Western countries, the draft resolution did not mention the role of foreign military intervention and the irresponsible withdrawal of foreign forces from Afghanistan in the emergence of such a dire situation in Afghanistan. Furthermore, we strongly emphasize the need to investigate allegations of war crimes committed by foreign forces, including those that were carried out before and are now “downgraded” due to bias and political pressure.
The security situation in Afghanistan remains a source of concern, as attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure, including educational centers and diplomatic premises, increase. We strongly condemn all such attacks, most of which are perpetrated by terrorist groups, in particular Daesh, elements of which are still transferred from Syria and Iraq to Afghanistan.
Terrorism has had a devastating effect on Afghanistan and its neighboring countries. We share the strong determination of the international community not to allow Afghan territory to be a haven for Al-Qaida, Daesh or other international terrorist groups and their affiliates or to use it to threaten or attack any country. We underline the constant demand of the international community that the Taliban commit to fighting terrorism.
Equally critical, addressing the serious threat posed by illicit opium cultivation and drug production and trafficking must be a priority. Iran is directly affected by this threat and is paying a heavy price. Over the past 40 years, Iran has played an active role in the fight against drug trafficking in the region, during which nearly 4,000 Iranian law enforcement personnel have been killed and more than 12 000 others were injured. We stress the importance of the prohibition of narcotics on the cultivation, production, trafficking and consumption of illicit drugs and express our concern that the amount of illicit cultivation of opium, as well as drug production, have risen to alarming levels since the Taliban took control of the country.
Iran also stresses the importance of a comprehensive approach in tackling the drug problem in Afghanistan, which includes agricultural and rural development programs for the creation of improved and legal alternative livelihoods for farmers.
We believe that this important annual resolution will also be enhanced by emphasizing the vital role of regional organizations in promoting Afghanistan’s long-term stability. We would like to highlight the meetings of foreign ministers of countries neighboring Afghanistan, which have a wide range of expertise and have proven their great value on crucial issues for Afghanistan. Regional cooperation and regional connectivity are essential and effective means for us to promote and achieve peace, security, stability and economic development in Afghanistan and the region.
The Islamic Republic of Iran, in close coordination with Afghanistan’s neighbors and other parties concerned, and while fully respecting the territorial integrity, unity and political independence of Afghanistan, will continue its efforts to help the Afghan people restore peace and stability and pave the way for the well-being and prosperity of all Afghans.