Why China has a deep distrust of America
Protesters chant slogans during a rally outside the former United States Embassy commemorating the anniversary of its 1979 seizure in Tehran, Iran. Associated press
US President Joe Biden has vowed that if Washington reverts to the 2015 nuclear deal with Tehran, the US will only back out again if Iran violates the terms of the deal. This commitment responds to Iran’s demand that the United States not abandon the deal once again as it did in 2018 under Donald Trump.
Biden made this commitment in a joint statement with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson at the G20 summit in Italy.
The key paragraph of the statement reads: “We welcome President Biden’s clearly demonstrated commitment to bring the United States back to full compliance with (the agreement) and to remain in full compliance, as long as it l Iran is doing the same. This commitment was greeted by Mikhail Ulyanov, the Russian ambassador to the Vienna talks sponsored by the European Union on the return of the United States to the pact and Iran to respect for its provisions. These talks were suspended in June due to the Iranian presidential election and have not resumed as the winner, the hardline Ebrahim Raisi, refused to return until he decided Iran is ready – which will be this month, according to Iranian spokespersons.
Biden has clearly come under pressure from all three European governments to reinstate the nuclear deal he pledged to make during his 2020 election campaign. However, since taking office in January, Biden has failed. failed to honor that promise and complicated the situation by demanding that Iran end its involvement in regional affairs and end its ballistic missile program. Iran maintains that these are separate issues and has declined to respond to those requests. On this issue, nothing was said in the G20 statement indicating that Germany, France and Britain agree with Iran.
Meanwhile, the Biden administration has tried to blame the construction crisis on the deal under which Iran agreed to limits on its nuclear program in return for the lifting of punitive economic sanctions. Although Biden accuses Trump of withdrawing, his spokesperson says it is not clear whether Iran is “serious” about returning to compliance.
After Trump abandoned the deal and began imposing 1,500 sanctions, Iran waited more than a year for other signatories to the deal – France, Germany, Britain, China. and Russia – ease sanctions and meet other terms of the deal. . This did not happen because the United States has a grip on international finance and banking and has threatened to sanction any government, company or individual involved in trading with Iran. In 2019, Iran began to gradually exceed the limits set by the agreement for uranium enrichment, introducing banned advanced centrifuges and limiting inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). . Iran maintains that its actions comply with the terms of the nuclear deal which allows Iran to break its terms if one or more signatories fail to fulfill their obligations.
Fed up with Biden’s procrastination and procrastination, Merkel, Macron and Johnson have made it clear to him to respond to Iran’s demands and re-enter the deal. They and the Iranians expected Biden to honor his verbal campaign pledge to bring the United States back to the deal as well as other key international agreements Trump withdrew from. Biden quickly signed an executive order to join the Paris climate accord, but only agreed to hold talks on the deal with Iran.
Biden listened to the ignorant advice of those appointees who thought the United States might intimidate Iran into making major concessions on its involvement in regional affairs and arms development in return for the return of the United States and d ‘alleviation of sanctions, but not all. To make matters worse, the Biden administration imposed new sanctions on Iran and all who deal with Iran, convincing Tehran that Biden was simply following Trump’s failed policy of “maximum pressure”, which he said. has in fact been. This reinforced Iran’s mistrust of Washington and the Western signatories to the agreement.
Iran has not budged and demanded that the United States join the deal before Iran begins to come into compliance by reverting to low-level uranium enrichment, exporting its stockpile of enriched material, by storing advanced centrifuges to purify uranium, and by giving UN observers the full range of inspections provided for in the agreement.
Biden failed to see that since the concessions he requested were not made while moderate Iranian President Hassan Rouhani was in power, they were unlikely to be accepted by any successor, moderate or intransigent. Had Biden returned to the deal quickly, a moderate could have been elected president in the June poll. Instead, conservative hardline Ebrahim Raisi triumphed. He has said repeatedly that he is looking to reverse the deal, but Biden is still hesitant.
In response, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian said there was no need for negotiations and the solution was for Biden to issue an executive order saying he was going back to the nuclear deal and lifting the sanctions. imposed by Trump. Iran would then return to compliance.
Tehran believes it is in a strong position for several reasons. Opinion polls in Iran show that the United States is very unpopular with the population who blames the United States for the country’s economic hardships and the lack of medical supplies and other essentials. Iran has focused on rebuilding its economy, expanding its participation in regional affairs, and developing its missile and drone programs. Instead of waiting for the remaining signatories to the Iran nuclear deal to ease sanctions, Tehran pivoted east and struck a major 25-year deal to sell its oil to China in exchange for investment.
Iran also relies on countries that are fed up with US sanctions to evade US sanctions by buying oil and trading. On the diplomatic front, Tehran has conducted several rounds of reconciliation talks with Riyadh, a major ally of the United States, in an effort to end the rivalry between Shiite Iran and Sunni Saudi Arabia. If successful, the rapprochement could help stabilize the region at a time when the United States is focused on containing China.