Workshop on UNESCO Classified Forests held in Northern Iran
TEHRAN – A workshop was recently held to introduce local communities and tourists to Iran’s UNESCO-listed Hyrcanian Forests (also known as the Caspian Forests).
The event was held Thursday at Rudkhan Castle, a centuries-old medieval military fortress in Fuman, northern Gilan province, the provincial tourism chief said, CHTN reported Friday.
The workshop aimed to increase awareness of the unique characteristics of Hyrcanian forests, the official added.
Stretching from the south of Azerbaijan about 850 km east to the provinces of Gilan, Mazandaran and Golestan, the Hyrcanian forests are the witnesses of the ancient forests of the world since they survived between 35 and 50 million years ago. years.
According to UNESCO, these forests are between 25 and 50 million years old. Their area was reduced during climatic changes and the dramatic glaciations of the Quaternary and expanded again when temperatures stabilized.
UNESCO has documented the existence of more than 3,200 vascular plants and 58 species of mammals, including the iconic Persian panther and the endangered wild goat in the forest.
Due to its isolation, the areas now protected by UNESCO are home to many regionally and locally endangered and endemic plant species.
In July 2019, the United Nations cultural body designated the vast forest as a World Heritage Site, making it Iran’s second natural site after the Lut Desert, which earned the label in 2016.
According to UNESCO, the forest contains the most important natural habitats for the in situ conservation of biological diversity, including those that harbor threatened species of outstanding universal value from a scientific or conservation point of view. It also contains outstanding natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.
Having an opulent tourism circuit with 26 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Iran is looking to acquire a bigger share of the global tourism industry by 2025.